18th North Carolina

18th North Carolina

>Esteemed member Kathy Logan contributes:

> . I'm looking for info on the 18th >NC Inf. I have just started researching them and have found some >reference to them on the 1st day's discussion about Heth's and >Pender's advance and the I Corps retreat from G-burg. I believe they >were in Pickett's charge but haven't actually gotten to that day because >I'm still trying to trace movements of the first day. But I would also >like info on them in any of the other battles they were involved, which >is many. But with emphasis on Malvern Hill, 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, >Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, The Wilderness, and the Seige/Assault >of Petersburg. Of course the major emphasis I need is Gettysburg but I >need a good unit history and even a roster.

> Sources for the 18th Regiment N.C. Troops (8th Regiment N.C. Volunteers) include:

1. The roster (which includes a brief history), to be found in volume six of _North Carolina Troops, 1861-1865: A Roster_. Published in 1973; second printing with addenda, 1989. This book is out of print but available in many libraries (maybe not in Alaska!).

2. Regimental histories, written by Adjutant William H. McLaurin and Private Thomas H. Sutton of Company I, published in volume two of Clark, _Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina_. A reprint of this five-volume set is widely available from Broadfoot.

3. William Kelsey McDaid, "'Four years of arduous service': The history of the Branch-Lane brigade in the Civil War," Ph.D. disseration, Michigan State University, 1987. An excellent general history; you have to order a copy from University Microfilms. Most university bookstores should be able to do that for you.

4. General Lane wrote much about his brigade in the _Southern Historical Society Papers_, if you have access to them.

5. I've heard that a master's thesis history of the 18th North Carolina was submitted within the past few years but have not seen it. Perhaps someone else on the group has?

The 18th N.C. at Gettysburg:

Brigadier General James H. Lane's Brigade, Major General William Dorsey Pender's Division, Lieutenant General A. P. Hill's Corps

Colonel John Decatur Barry, commanding. COUNTY
Company A (the "German Volunteers") New
Hanover, Bladen, and Catawba Company B (the "Bladen Light Infantry") Bladen
Company C (the "Columbus Guards No. 3") Columbus
Company D (the "Robeson Rifle Guard") Robeson
Company E (the "Moore's Creek Rifle Guards") New Hanover
Company F (the "Scotch Boys") Richmond
Company G (the "Wilmington Light Infantry") New Hanover
Company H (the "Columbus Guards No. 1") Columbus
Company I (the "Wilmington Rifle Guards") New Hanover
Company K (the "Bladen Guards") Bladen


The following casualty figures of the 18th North Carolina at Gettysburg were abstracted by me from a database on that regiment that I have constructed using the published roster; the roster in turn is derived principally from the compiled military service records of the men of the 18th, and many ancillary sources. My figures vary slightly from those compiled by Busey and Martin in their excellent book on regimental strengths and casualties at Gettysburg.

BD=battle deaths; men killed in action or who died of their wounds
WIA=men wounded in action but not killed
PW=men captured
WPW=men both wounded and captured
No individual is counted in more than one of the above categories.

Field and Staff 0 1 0 0 1
A 1 1 2 2 6
B 1 2 0 5 8
C 2 3 2 1 8
D 0 1 3 2 6
E 3 5 4 4 16
F 2 2 2 2 8
G 3 1 0 1 5
H 4 0 5 3 12
I 1 0 4 2 7
K 3 3 4 1 11
Total 20 19 26 23 88

Estimated June 30 strength: ca. 360 men; percentage loss: ca. 24%
. Ten prisoners of war subsequently died in Federal prisons.
The 18th North Carolina participated in the Pettigrew-Pickett Charge, but its casualties are fewer than the other four regiments in Lane's Brigade (7th Regiment N.C. State Troops; 28th, 33rd, and 37th Regiments N.C. Troops).