1 Blackford, p. 215.
2 Norton, p. 66.
3 John Gibbon to My Dearest Mama, June 11, 1863, The John Gibbon Papers, Box 1, Folder 8, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
4 McClellan, p. 234.
5 John N. Opie, A Rebel Cavalryman with Lee, Stuart, and Jackson (Chicago, 1899; reprint, Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1972), p. 157.
6 Morrison-Whiteside Sentinel, June 25, 1863.
7 Willard C. Glazier, Three Years in the Federal Cavalry (New York: R.H. Ferguson & Co. 1873), p. 223.
8 Preston, p. 85.
9 Edward P. Tobie, History of the First Maine Cavalry (Boston: First Maine Cavalry Assoc., 1885), p. 155.
10 O.R. Vol. 27, Part 3, p. 58.
11 Charles Francis Adams, A Cycle of Adams Letters 1861-1865, Worthington C. Ford, ed., 2 vols. (Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1920), 2:32. Like his famous ancestors, Charles Francis Adams was never afraid to say what was on his mind.
12 Sutherland, pp. 256-7.
13 John B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerks Diary, Earl Schenck Miers, ed. (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1958), p. 223.
14 Theophilus F. Rodenbough, Cavalry War Lessons, Journal of the United States Cavalry Association, Vol. 11, No. 5 (1889), p. 107.
15 The Richmond Sentinel, June 12, 1863; Richmond Examiner, June 12, 1863. Some historians have speculated that the harsh criticism of Stuart was an impetus to his absence from the Army of Northern Virginia during the first two days of the Battle of Gettysburg, and that Stuart had gone on a joy-ride around the Army of the Potomac in an effort to restore the luster to his tarnished reputation after the Battle of Brandy Station. For an interesting examination of this controversy, see, Mark Nesbitt, Saber and Scapegoat: J.E.B. Stuart and the Gettysburg Controversy (Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, Stackpole Books, 1994).
16 Sutherland, p. 257.
17 John Gibbon to My Dearest Mama, June 9, 1863, The John Gibbon Papers, Box 1, Folder 8, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.